Is your rented property “fit for human habitation”?
Harriet Allsop | 15.04.2019
Losing a dearly loved family member or close friend is difficult, and can be even more upsetting if there is a dispute over the will or estate. Resolving these issues needs a solicitor who can combine diplomacy, determination and expert knowledge.
For a Will to be valid, it must be in writing and signed by the deceased in the presence of two witnesses, who also signed the Will in the presence of the deceased. Even if all this seems correct, you might still have doubts about the Will, for example because you think:
If you’re concerned about the validity of a Will and think there may be something wrong with it, you or your solicitor should lodge a caveat at the probate registry. This will stop an executor from being granted probate to administer the estate, and give you six months to investigate whether your concerns about the Will are justified.
Alternatively, if you’re a beneficiary of an estate and someone is challenging the validity of the Will, we can advise you on the merits of their claim, and the likely costs of defending or settling it, to help you decide how best to respond. Whatever you decide, we will be here to support you all the way.
A Mutual Will involves a mutually binding irrevocable agreement between the spouse and their partner that prevents the survivor changing their mind about how the estate can be distributed after the death of the other partner.
A common reason for disputes involving Mutual Wills is a change in the surviving spouse’s circumstances, such as marrying again or having more children. This raises the issue of whether their new partner or (and her or his children) could ever benefit from the estate.
Going to court to challenge a Mutual Will can be complex, but the argument is usually concerned with whether:
If you want to debate or dispute a Mutual Will, the success of your challenge will most likely depend on whether there is irrefutable evidence that confirms all four of the points above. This generally requires a lot of detailed investigating and quite possibly some prolonged arguments in court, so it can be a long and demanding case.
We recommend you get our advice as soon as possible if you want to challenge a Mutual Will or if you’re thinking of making one.
If you have been left out of a family member’s Will or intestacy, or your inheritance is not what you expected, you may be able to challenge it under the Inheritance (Provision for Family and Dependants) Act 1975.
The deceased will need to have been domiciled in the UK and you’ll need to be one of the people entitled to claim:
If you are claiming as a spouse or civil partner – or in some specific cases as a former spouse or civil partner – the court considers what financial provision it would be reasonable for you to receive in the circumstances, whether or not you actually need it for your maintenance. In all other cases the court considers what provision would be reasonable for you to receive for your maintenance.
In assessing a claim, the court takes into account a number of general factors:
The court also looks at factors relating to particular types of claimant. For example, in the case of a spouse or civil partner, the court takes into account the age of the claimant and the duration of the marriage or civil partnership, as well as the contribution made by the claimant to the welfare of the deceased’s family, and will also have regard to what the claimant would have received in the event of a divorce or dissolution.
If the court is satisfied that reasonable financial provision has not been made, it has the power to make various orders, including:
If you urgently need financial assistance the Court can order interim payments pending the outcome of the proceedings.
To make a claim, you should start your court case within six months of the grant of probate, so we recommend you talk to us as soon as possible. We can tell you whether a grant of probate has been obtained, advise you whether you have a claim, and explain what will happen if we go ahead.
Alternatively, if you are a beneficiary of an Estate and someone is bringing an Inheritance Act claim against the Estate, we can advise you on the merits of the claim and guide you through how best to defend or settle the claim.
You might feel an executor or trustee is not fulfilling their duties properly when they are administering an estate or trust. For example, they might not be preparing the accounts correctly or keeping you informed. Perhaps they are also a beneficiary of the estate or trust, and you suspect they are not acting impartially.
If you can prove their actions have caused a loss, you can claim for compensation from them, obtain an injunction to stop them acting or apply to have them removed from their post. On the other hand, if you’re an executor or trustee facing these claims, we can investigate on your behalf and help defend your position.
Disputes about Wills, estates and trusts can be emotionally charged, particularly when the people involved are family members. When the estate or trust has significant value, the dispute can also be hotly contested. These disputes are technical in nature and there is the potential to make mistakes, such as providing insufficient evidence, that can prove very expensive.
This is why it’s very important to have the support and reassurance of our expert legal advice. We make sure you understand your rights and responsibilities, the merits of your case and the likelihood of a successful outcome. We will work hard to help you put matters right, ideally without having to go to court, whilst using a calm and sensitive approach to help preserve family relationships where possible.
You shouldn’t rely on your legal costs being paid from the estate or trust, as this is not necessarily the case. If you are making a claim, you could be personally liable for the costs involved. We always give you an estimated cost at the outset and advise you on funding the cost of going to court.